Vocabulary

Vocabulary

Time – off Expressions


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To take time off – to be absent from work, at home, or on vacation.
Ex: I’m going to take a few days off to visit my parents.


To take a vacation – to take time away from work, especially when you travel from pleasure.
Ex: I’m taking my vacation next month. We’re going to Greece.


To take a sabbatical – to take time away from work to study or travel, usually while continuing to be paid.
Ex: He’s on sabbatical while he does his MBA. He’ll be back next month.


To take unpaid leave – to have an authorized absence from work but without salary.
Ex: She’s taken some unpaid leave while she moves the house.


To be off sick – to be absent from work due to illness.
Ex: When you’re off sick, you must provide a doctor’s note.


Sick leave – the time when you can be absent from work, often while being
paid part or all of your salary.
Ex: She is having an operation and she’ll be on sick leave for the next two months.


Maternity leave – the period a mother is legally authorized to be absent from work before and after the birth of a child.
Ex: Her maternity leave finishes next week but she is not coming back to work.


Parental leave – the time that a parent is allowed to spend away from work to take care of their baby.
Ex: He has taken parental leave to look after the baby while his wife returns to work.


Statutory sick pay – the money paid by a company to an employee who
cannot work due to illness.
Ex: If you are absent from work due to illness, you may be able to claim sick pay.


A public holiday – a day when almost everybody does not have to go to work (for example in the US July 4th or January 1st).
Ex: We have 25 days paid holiday plus 10 public holidays.

Idioms & Expressions

10 Expressions with "Mind"


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Bear/keep in mind – remember, don’t forget.
Ex: Keep in mind that I’m not helping you any longer. From now on, you’re on your own!


Be in two minds – unable to decide.
Ex: I’m in two minds about the job offer.


Be open-minded – willing to consider different ideas.
Ex: You can talk to me about anything. I’m an open-minded person.


Bring to mind – make you remember something.
Ex: This photo brings to mind some happy memories.


Change your mind – make a new decision about something.
Ex: I planned to go fishing but I changed my mind when I heard the weather forecast.


Cross/pass your mind – suddenly occur as a thought.
Ex: I’ve almost forgotten about Jane but she crossed my mind today.


Lose your mind – go mad
Ex: You must remember where you parked your car. have you lost your mind?


Make up your mind – make a decision
Ex: I can’t make up my mind whether to go on holiday to Greece or Italy.


My mind went blank – suddenly forget everything.
Ex: The teacher asked me a question and my mind went blank, I couldn’t remember anything.


Peace of mind – state of calmness, carefree.
Ex: Peace of mind is more valuable than all the money in the world.

Phrasal Verbs

9 phrasal verbs with the verb “draw”


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Here is a good opportunity to learn some phrasal verbs with the verb “draw”.

DRAW IN – days become shorter as autumn is coming.
Ex: It’s much colder and the days are drawing in.

DRAW ON/UPON SOMETHING – begin using a supply.
Ex: I spent all my money on vacation and now I have to draw on my savings.

DRAW OUT – lengthen.
Ex: The summer holiday drew out because we were bored.

DRAW OUT SOMEONE – to encourage someone to express his/her thoughts.
Ex: Paul drew out Julie to talk about her work.

DRAW SOMEONE INTO SOMETHING – to involve someone in an unpleasant situation.
Ex: It’s not fair to draw me into your arguments with our colleagues.

DRAW SOMETHING DOWN – pull something down.
Ex: Ronnie locked the door and pulled down the shutters.

DRAW SOMETHING OFF – to remove a small amount of liquid.
Ex: I had to draw some coffee off my cup because it was overflown.

DRAW UP SOMETHING – prepare formal documents.
Ex: The company lawyer drew up the contract.

DRAW YOURSELF UP – to stand up straight, usually in an attempt to look important.
Ex: I know you are tired, but please try to draw yourself up for the photo.

Vocabulary, Word Building

Word building: suffix -OUS


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When we add the suffix -OUS to the nouns, they become adjectives.

The suffix -OUS means “full of” or “having the quality of”.

Let’s look at some commonly used adjectives ending in -OUS:

ENVIOUS – wanting something that another person has.
Ex: You shouldn’t be envious of people who have more than you do.

DANGEROUS – can cause harm.
Ex: Smoking is a dangerous habit.

FAMOUS – known by way many people.
Ex: Jennifer Lopez is very famous.

AMBITIOUS – having a strong desire for success.
Ex: John was ambitious when he was young.

MIRACULOUS – unusually surprising and unexpected.
Ex: Houdini made a miraculous escape from the ropes.

NERVOUS – worried.
Ex: I’m always nervous before an exam.

MYSTERIOUS – difficult to understand.
Ex: The woman disappeared under mysterious circumstances.

JEALOUS – unhappy because you wish you had something that is quality or belongs to another person.
Ex: Rhina is jealous of her ex-husband’s new wife.

POISONOUS – a substance able to cause illness or death.
Ex: We saw a poisonous snake this morning. We were really scared.

Vocabulary

18 ways to say “thank you”


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We need to say “thank you” so many times a day. Let’s learn how to say it in more than one or two ways.

Thank you/ Thanks/ Thank you very much/ Thanks a lot

Thanks a ton/a bunch/a million.

I am (really/very/so) grateful.

Thank you, I (really) appreciate it.

Cheers!

You shouldn’t have…

Many thanks.

Thank you from the bottom of my heart.

Please, accept my best thanks.

Accept my gratitude.

Thank you for not letting me down.

I thank you most warmly.

Words cannot describe how grateful I am.

What could/would I do without you?

I can’t thank you enough.

I owe you one.

I’ll never forget what you’ve done for me.

Ta!

Phrasal Verbs, Vocabulary

Meanings of the verb ‘ask’


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Ask is a very common verb in English and as such it has several meanings:

  • To request an answer from someone:

She asked him a question.

They asked them about the new product.

  • To make a request:

She asked the doctor to examine her.

They asked the bank for a loan.

  • To seek information:

We asked local people for directions.

Amanda asked me about the film I watched.

  • To invite:

The Johnsons have asked us to the party.

She asked them in for a coffee.

  • To demand something:

They ask $20.000 for the house.

This job asks for a lot of patience.

  • ASK + question word (what, who, where, when, how, why):

Jane asked me where I spent the weekend.

The guests asked who made the dinner.

Collocations, Idioms & Expressions, Vocabulary

Expressions with “change”


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Big / significant / considerable / revolutionary / drastic / important / major, radical change
Mobile phones have undergone a revolutionary change in the past decade.
Complete / systematic / minor / long-term / short-term / sudden / gradual / seasonal change
Gradual changes will bring more stability to the company.
Climate change
The effects of climate change include more frequent droughts and wildfires.
Bring about change
The only way to bring about changes in the company is to employ new people.
A change for the better / worse
I believe that this year will bring a change for the better.
A change of heart / mind
UK Brexit change of mind appeared first on Cyprus Mail.
Change clothes / shoes
I’m all wet. I’ll change my clothes.
Change trains / planes
We changed trains in Budapest.
Change the subject
I don’t want to talk about it any more. Can we change the subject?
Change jobs
I think you should change jobs.
Change one’s tune
He was against the project, but he changed his tune when he realized how much money it could bring.
Change your mind
At first, I didn’t want to go to the party, but then I changed my mind.
Change your ways
If he wants to stay and work in this company, he’ll have to change his ways.
Change of scene
You need a change of scene. Why don’t you go away for the weekend?

Vocabulary

Vocabulary: Words related to WORK


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In this post, we are going to focus on vocabulary related to work in English so that you can get a greater knowledge of this specific vocabulary. Below are some words that you may come across when searching for a job or on the job altogether with example sentences:

WORKFORCE, n. – all the people who work for a company.

Ex: Our company is cutting its workforce.

ADVISER, n. – someone whose job is to advice on a subject.

Ex: You should talk to a financial adviser before you invest your money.

DISMISSAL, n. – the situation in which an employer officially makes someone leave their job.

Ex: The workers are claiming compensation for their dismissals.

OVERLOAD, n. – to give someone more work than they can deal with.

Ex: Work overload causes stress.

RECRUIT, v. – to find new people to work for the company.

Ex: We are having difficulty recruiting enough staff during high season.

SKELETON STAFF, n. – the smallest number of people needed for a business or organization to operate.

Ex: There was only skeleton staff on duty for the New Year’s Eve.

TRAINEE, n. – a person who is being trained for a particular job.

Ex: I got a job of a trainee chef in that new restaurant.

VACANCY, n. – a job available for someone new to do.

Ex: There are couple of vacancies in that company.

LEAVE, n. – time allowed away from work for a holiday or illness.

Ex: Tom will be on sick leave till Friday.

LABOUR, v. – work hard.

Ex: They laboured all day in the factory.

UNPROFESSIONAL, adj. – not showing the behavior or skill acceptable in a particular profession.

Ex: I believe Jane was fired for her unprofessional manners.

Vocabulary

TIME expressions


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A while back / a while ago

About time

After a while

Ahead of time

All along / all the while

All day long

At all times

At that point / moment

At times / sometimes

At the same time

At the worst possible time

Every now and then / from time to time

Every so often / once in a while

From now on / from this day forward

From way back

To have a hard time

Have all the time in the world

In no time

It can wait

It’s a matter of time

Once and for all

Run out of time

Day after day /day by day

At last

At one time

For good

High time

In old days

In the meantime

Long ago

No longer

So far

Take time

Time out