Collocations with the word “room”

Bright / dark / comfortable / cosy / spacious / tiny / big / small room
I love my bright and spacious room.

Tidy / untidy / clean / stuffy / cold / warm room
It’s a cold / warm room.

A single / twin / double / triple room
When they got married, Brian and his wife spent their honeymoon in a double room in Hawaii.

Spare / guest room – a bedroom usually kept for visitors.
We rarely warm a spare / guest room in the winter months.

Share a room
David shares a room with his brother.

A waiting room – at the station or hospital

Tidy your room
You must tidy your room if you want to go out!

Book / hire / rent / let a room
We hired a lovely room with a sea view.

Let out rooms – rent rooms
We usually let out a spare room.

A room-mate – a person we share a room with
When I was a student I had a room-mate.

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When and how to use “used to”

The structure used to + infinitive is used to talk about past habits, jobs, or hobbies we no longer practice or which we replaced with the new ones


I used to play a lot of football when I was younger; now I go to the gym.
They used to be good friends, but now they hardly ever meet.
My grandpa used to be a mayor before he retired.


The negative form of used to is didn’t use to.


I didn’t use to drink coffee, but now I do.
My hometown didn’t use to be so polluted, but it is now.


The interrogative form is: Did you use to…?


Did you use to collect stamps when you were younger?
Did they use to walk every evening while on holiday?
Did you use to get up early when you were younger?

Note:

The structure used to + infinitive cannot be used to say frequency or duration.

I used to visit Rome many times.

I used to live in this neighbourhood for 10 years.

Meanings of the verb ‘ask’

Ask is a very common verb in English and as such it has several meanings:

  • To request an answer from someone:

She asked him a question.

They asked them about the new product.

  • To make a request:

She asked the doctor to examine her.

They asked the bank for a loan.

  • To seek information:

We asked local people for directions.

Amanda asked me about the film I watched.

  • To invite:

The Johnsons have asked us to the party.

She asked them in for a coffee.

  • To demand something:

They ask $20.000 for the house.

This job asks for a lot of patience.

  • ASK + question word (what, who, where, when, how, why):

Jane asked me where I spent the weekend.

The guests asked who made the dinner.

Here are some phrasal verbs with the verb ‘ask’:

Phrasal verbs with ASK

Nouns which are only plural

There are three groups of nouns that we use only in the plural. We use them with plural verbs and plural pronouns:

Your glasses are dirty. Take a tissue to wipe them.

These groups of nouns are:

1) Nouns related to items consisting of two parts (glasses, scissors, jeans, trousers…)

My new trousers are so cosy.

You can talk about them in singular if you use ‘a pair of’:

This pair of scissors is very sharp.

2) Nouns ending in –S (clothes, stairs, belongings, thanks, congratulations…)

These clothes are dirty.

The stairs in their house were too narrow.

Remember that these nouns are countable as they answer the question how many, not how much.

How many belongings have you got?

3) Nouns which express groups of people or animals (police, cattle, folk, people, poultry…)

The police are in front of the building.

They use growth hormones to make cattle grow faster.

Nouns which are only singular

Most nouns in English have both singular and plural forms. However, there are some nouns that are only used in the singular form. These are:

  • Names of particular people, places, events, etc.

Peter, Johnson, Trafalgar Square, Easter, Saturday…

Although, you can use them in the plural if you think of them in a ‘countable’ way:

We never work on Saturdays.

The Johnsons are coming for lunch this evening.

  • Most uncountable nouns: water, furniture, advice, hair…

Water is cold today.

Good advice is better than rubies.

  • Some nouns ending in ‘S’: politics, Emirates, crossroads, measles, physics, maths,…

Emirates is charging for seat selection.

Politics is not my cup of tea.

How common is measles in your country?

WHO or WHOM?

Who and whom are interrogative pronouns. Many people live their lives without using WHOM at all, thinking that whom should be used in formal situations only. If you want to speak English properly, then you need to know about usage of both WHO and WHOM.

The rule is:

WHO is used in the subject position in a sentence:

Who bought you that ring?

WHOM is used in the object position:

The man whom you invited to dinner.

We also use WHOM after prepositions:

For whom the bell tolls.

To whom you want to talk?

How can you tell whether to use WHO or WHOM? It’s simple! If your pronoun can be replaced with ’he’ or ’she’, then use WHO. If it can be replaced with ’him’ or ’her’ or any other object pronoun, then use WHOM.

Who took my pen? (He/she took my pen – subject)

Whom is the book about? (About him – object)

In order to perfect your knowledge, try and do the quiz below:

WHO and WHOM QUIZ