Compound Adjectives with -ED Endings

Compound adjectives are adjectives with two or more words and a hyphen between them.

We form them by combining an adjective or number with a noun plus -ED.

For example:

A woman with blond hair = blond-haired woman.

An animal with four legs = four-legged animal.

Now, try and make compound adjectives with -ed endings by yourself:

1) Trousers which are the color of sand.

2) A man with white hair.

3) A car with three wheels.

4) A nurse with green eyes.

5) Furniture at a low price.

6) A person who has an open mind.

Answer key: 1) sand-colored trousers, 2) white-haired man, 3) three-wheeled car, 4) green-eyed nurse, 5) low-priced furniture, 6) open-minded person


Word building: suffix -OUS

When we add the suffix -OUS to the nouns, they become adjectives.

The suffix -OUS means “full of” or “having the quality of”.

Let’s look at some commonly used adjectives ending in -OUS:

ENVIOUS – wanting something that another person has.
Ex: You shouldn’t be envious of people who have more than you do.

DANGEROUS – can cause harm.
Ex: Smoking is a dangerous habit.

FAMOUS – known by way many people.
Ex: Jennifer Lopez is very famous.

AMBITIOUS – having a strong desire for success.
Ex: John was ambitious when he was young.

MIRACULOUS – unusually surprising and unexpected.
Ex: Houdini made a miraculous escape from the ropes.

NERVOUS – worried.
Ex: I’m always nervous before an exam.

MYSTERIOUS – difficult to understand.
Ex: The woman disappeared under mysterious circumstances.

JEALOUS – unhappy because you wish you had something that is quality or belongs to another person.
Ex: Rhina is jealous of her ex-husband’s new wife.

POISONOUS – a substance able to cause illness or death.
Ex: We saw a poisonous snake this morning. We were really scared.

Adjectives with the suffix -ABLE

The suffix -able can be added to verbs to form adjectives that mean ‘capable of’ or ‘suitable for’.

Here are some examples of the adjectives with the suffix -able:

CAPABLE – having the ability to do something.
Ex: I am capable of typing very fast.

AFFORDABLE – cheap enough.
Ex: These holiday arrangements are affordable.

APPROACHABLE – friendly and easy to talk to.
Ex: Despite being famous, she is very approachable.

VALUABLE – worth and useful.
Ex: Sesame is a valuable source of vitamin C.

AVAILABLE – can be bought or used.
Ex: Tickets for the concert are available from the box office.

PREDICTABLE – can be predicted easily.
Ex: The ending of the book was totally predictable.

NOTICEABLE – can be seen or noticed easily.
Ex: There is a noticeable change in her behavior.

Adjectives Ending in “-less”

We can add the suffix –less (meaning without) to some nouns and create a new adjective.  Here are some of them:

Helpless – not able to do something, powerless.
They were helpless during the storm.

Endless – Being or seeming to be without end.
The queue in front of the cashier seemed endless.

Harmless – not able to cause damage.
Don’t worry about the dog, it’s harmless.

Heartless – cruel, careless.
People who get rid of their pets are heartless.

Fearless – have no fear.
Superman is fearless.

Careless – not paying enough attention.
Tom has to pay a fine for careless driving.

Homeless – be without a place to live.
10,000 people have been made homeless in yesterday’s earthquake.

Worthless – have no value.
That dress is beautiful but it’s worthless if it doesn’t fit you.

Priceless – extremely valuable.
Some of Van Gogh’s paintings are priceless.