Much, many, a lot of (lots of)

We use much, many and a lot of to talk about a large amount; we don’t know the exact amount.

·         We usually use much and many in negative sentences and questions:

+ UNCOUNTABLE  NOUN    We haven’t got much water.

+ COUNTABLE  NOUN          There aren’t many cans of cola.

·         We use a lot of or lots of in positive and negative sentences and questions:

          We’ve got a lot of orange juice.

         Hurry up! We haven’t got a lot of time.

         Were there lots of people at the swimming pool?

We can use these words without a noun when it is clear what we are talking about:

        I’ve got some money with me but not much.

       I’ve got a lot to do today. (x a lot of to do)

     Much and many in positive sentences are formal. We prefer a lot of or lots of for informal use.

      Many of the experiments produced useful results. (formal)

      Come on. We’ve got a lot of work to do. (informal)


  1. We have________ oranges.
  2. We don’t have _______ bananas, and we don’t have   ____ fruit juice.
  3. Do you have any cereal? Sure, there’s ___________ in the kitchen.”
  4. How ___________ is this? It’s ten dollars.
  5. How ____ do you want? Six, please.
  6. He’s very busy; he has ________ work.
  7. David has ______ rice, but Tyler doesn’t have _______  .
  8. London has ______ beautiful buildings.
  9. They eat _____ apples.
  10. I wrote ______ poems.


Answers: 1. lots of 2, many, much, 3.  a lot, 4. much, 5. many, 6. a lot of, 7.  lots of, much,     8. a lot of,  9. a lot of, 10. many.


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